The EU indicated nanotechnology among the Key-Enabling Technologies. Although with a relevant delay compared to other sectors, the potential of nanotechnology applied to primary production has been studied for about ten years. Indeed, it is believed that nanotechnologies can potentially become the driver of a new technological revolution in agriculture.
Science and technology are the most fertile generator of new words and neologisms. While research explores new materials and operating strategies, the term "Nano-Enabled Agriculture" has been coined. It is believed that nanomaterials could play an essential role in the future of agriculture. Properly designed nanomaterials could enhance plant tolerance to environmental stresses, improve crop yield and deliver more efficient plant protection products. In addition to ensuring adequate production levels, it is expected to reduce the environmental pressure of food production and improve agriculture resilience.